Pluralism is the way forward
The verbal duel in 1959 still resonates in our ears, when Mr. Khrushchev told then Vice President Mr. Nixon of the United States that their grandchildren would live in communism and Nixon in his presidential nomination in 1960 replied to Khrushchev that their grandchildren would ‘live in freedom’.
It was an era of the resurgence of ideologies and the push towards secularization. Religion was then seen as irrational, tribal and vicious, used by the West to win the Cold War and also engage underdeveloped and poor countries in hybrid wars, so that the hegemony and domination of power blocs remain sustainable.
The United States had a great respite when the Soviet Union was dismantled. The West saw it as a triumph of market logic and liberal democracy. Germany, India and Japan, in addition to countries with veto power, have been recognized as emerging economies with burgeoning software power centers. The world was stabilizing with different centers of power in negotiating positions for peace and stability. Rather, the successes in these countries should have been attributed to the emerging, professional and educated middle class, but rising poverty, huge unemployment and growing disparities have changed the narrative. In the absence of any formidable political ideology, he encouraged reactive politics and fostered religious renewal. Publicly expressed religion has become politically manipulated. The intellectuals of the Islamic revival “blamed the Arab regimes for the long decline of Islamic civilization at the hands of the Western colonial powers.” Anger is gradually growing against their own political elites as well as against the Western colonial powers. In the process, resentment turned into asymmetrical movements. The emergence of color movements and the violence of the Arab Spring disrupting huge populations created waves of migration in the Western world. The world has vomited multicultural countries. It has unbalanced the social cohesion of these countries. Gradually, it weakened Western countries and the United States with disparities and new social and economic stratifications. In the wake of globalization, religious actors could forge links through transnational organizations. These organizations through the membership campaign have attracted the attention of unemployed young people from poor regions leading to identity politics movements to reinvent their past glory. It has ramifications. Multiculturality has not been able to take root and the social distance between migrants and locals has increased. This has generated a politics of hatred and a mixture of religion and politics. To make believe that a secular state like Turkey and Algeria could better promote the Islamic belief in a better way. Likewise in India, he stimulated Hindutva. The Buddhist Sangha of Sri Lanka argued that only the state-supported Buddhist homeland can embody the real meaning and philosophy of Buddhism. It was a response that religion being a fact of everyday life could not be separated from the state. Before it could be solidified, COVID-19 painted again, cleaned up this screen of reinventing primordial exclusivist thoughts and beliefs. It enters a new normal, where only a collective good can save humans. Divisions over boundaries, beliefs, cults, castes, classes and races are not exclusive sites. Nature has given us a clear message. The basic principles of humanity are based on love, compassion, truth and kindness. The clear principles of all religions strive to apply these principles. India has this spiritual and cultural capital in abundance in its pluralistic traditions. Its alleged fault lines, each time tested, spring forth forcefully to the surprise of its antagonists.
I asked Professor Sander from Gothenburg University how Islam had spread in Europe. His response was that the Islam of those early years was not very political. It was a message for peace and parity that was generally well received by the people; the peoples of Europe were then riddled with the stratification of successions and inter-state conflicts. Slam (peace) Alhamdulillah (gratitude to God) and parity are attractive in times of transition. Forced conversions are all for political power. Similar postulates are also taught by non-Abrahamic religions. In Hinduism, the caste system was again the result of political maneuvers for power and hegemony, as cults and sects are now in Islam. It is essential to have reform through human intermediary (model in word and deed) from time to time. Because the interpretations in time and space vary, while the basic principles of the project of humanity remain the same in all religions and philosophies. It has been statistically proven that people don’t want to die. They want to improve their life chances, their materiality and their sense of accomplishment here only in this world. Anotherworldly imagination with endowments and glory are the strings of morality to bring order in this world.
With the exit of the United States and the return of the Taliban to power, an era of regime change by states and the generation of civil wars through asymmetric hybrid targeted assassinations by non-state actors has come full circle. With India, China stresses that border disputes should be left to the discretion of future generations, while with each passing year, its military, economic, scientific and geopolitical position attains formidable strength, compared to the India. Not so long ago, Deng Xiaoping told then Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi that the 21st century would be the century of India and China. such pablum. They believe, believe they know, that it is destined to be the only century of China and too happy to show that India is a subsidiary place in the hierarchical order ”. It is the arrival of China and the fading of the glamor of the United States as a world power. China has taken control of most of the lucrative international banks, leaving the United States behind in the rankings. His employment in Chinese companies in America gave him tacit legitimacy for global leadership. China has cast its net not only in this region, but also across Central Asia to Europe. Chinese Xi Jinping believes in efficiency with little rhetoric. He’s on a mission. The fear of China is the resilience of our democratic traditions and liberal democracy with free speech and independent press. Religions and nationalisms do not hesitate to mix the traditions of pluralism. Democratic politics and freedom of expression act as shock absorbers and reinforce political corrections. The regimental communist order is vulnerable to social forces of dissent and protest. It is difficult to maintain, once the disparities are proportionately articulated. Peace with India is imperative for China’s internal stability, a reality recorded in the historical existence of two ancient civilizations.
There is a reason to believe that the spiritual capital of India supported its civilization, experimenting through encounters of retention and rejection of traditions and ideas. West failed in his project to experiment with monoculturalism and multiculturalism. The melting pot of American monoculture failed in the 1960s and the European rendezvous with multiculturalism is being tested. Former British Prime Minister David Cameron criticized state multiculturalism and called for a strong new national identity. Because multiculturalism, even in Canada, challenges and creates space for imaginary nationalism. The pluralism of India, with the nativity guaranteed by the linguistic formula and representative democracy and with fundamental rights, has withstood the tests of history. Why shouldn’t we cherish it and value it preciously for the project of mankind? Suppose that the verbal duel of Nixon and Khrushchev of 1959 vibrated by Rajiv Gandhi and Deng Xiaoping in 1988 proves a verdict of history. Pluralism is the sustained force or else the elongating shadows of the Chinese version of communism will have one last laugh by 2059, engulfing the region and invading the entire world, for another dialectical advance in opposition to the West.